• A gravestone inscription or newspaper obituary. These often give the person’s place of origin in Ireland.
  • Transportation of convicts. The National Archives of Ireland has a database of all surviving papers from 1836 to 1863 at:
  • For information about people who received assisted passage to Australia, see the NSW state archives Guide to Shipping and Free Passenger Lists,
  • The National Archives of Australia has a family history page at the following Birth marriage and death information is kept by individual state registrars: Australian Capital Territory , New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia
  • Will / Probate / Administration papers. These can be a useful source of more general family information.
  • Family letters / bibles. Through talking to relatives, people often find that old papers are still in existence that can help with this research.